Research and analysis: UK greenhouse gas emissions: other technical reports

Updated: New version of Record of UK base year emissions published

This page includes various supplementary reports that complement the main publications available on greenhouse gas emissions. A description of each report is below.

Alternative approaches to reporting UK greenhouse gas emissions

There are various totals of UK greenhouse gas emissions reported to different authorities depending on the reporting requirements.

The main reason for this comes from different geographical coverages used when estimating the UK greenhouse gas emissions. Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies that are associated with the UK are sometimes included or excluded from the emissions totals. The main geographical coverages used are:

UK national statistics

The geographical coverage of these statistics is based on the UK and the Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man.

Kyoto Protocol commitment

The UK’s progress against the Kyoto Protocol commitment is based on a geographical coverage of the UK, the Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man and the Overseas Territories that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol (Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Bermuda, Montserrat and Gibraltar).

Commitment under the EU monitoring mechanism

Coverage only includes parts of the UK which are also parts of the EU: the UK and Gibraltar. All Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories are excluded.

Domestic carbon budgets set under the UK Climate Change Act

Based on the UK only, excluding all emissions from the UK’s Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories.

Differences in the reported totals can also arise from different definitions of emissions from the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector.
Under the UNFCCC, all emissions and removals from this sector are included, whereas the Kyoto Protocol uses narrower definition of emissions from this source.

It is important to understand the differences between reported emission to ensure that the correct data are used for specific purposes of reporting or analysis.

This publication (and the associated data tables) explains differences between coverage’s of reported UK emissions in both the National Statistics publications and the UK’s other international and national reporting requirements for greenhouse gases.

List of Greenhouse gases with corresponding Global Warming Potential

This table lists the Global Warming Potential of greenhouse gases estimated by the UK greenhouse gas inventory.

Record of UK base year emissions

This table shows how the UK base year for UK Carbon Budgets and the Kyoto protocol has changed from 2008 to the latest inventory year. These changes are as a result of methodology changes to the UK greenhouse gas inventory. Note that the Kyoto Protocol base year figure is fixed, while the Carbon Budgets base year figure is revised each year.

Background quality report

This report provides a summary of quality issues relating to statistics on UK greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. BEIS’s Official Statistics for UK emissions are based on the UK’s greenhouse gas inventory (which is compiled by a consortium led by Ricardo-AEA, on behalf of BEIS), and on BEIS’s energy statistics.