Research and analysis: Gas security of supply: strategic assessment and review

A report summarising gas security over the next 20 years, supported by modelling and analysis from Cambridge Economic Policy Associates (CEPA).

This work tests whether Great Britain will continue to enjoy our current high levels of gas security even once domestic production has declined, based on conservative assumptions about supply, demand and possible shocks to the system.

Research and analysis: Performance of the UK research base: international comparison, 2016

This report assess the performance of the UK compared with 7 other research-intensive countries (Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the US). It also makes comparsions with 4 other fast-growing nations (Brazil, India, Russia and South Korea), and international benchmarks.

The report provides information on:

  • research inputs - research funding and expenditure
  • human capital - numbers and mobility of researchers
  • research outputs - number of journal articles published and citations received
  • knowledge exchange

Research and analysis: Heating controls: international evidence base and policy experiences

This report summarises the international evidence base and policy experiences on heating controls in the domestic sector. It includes:

  • a review of international domestic heating controls in terms of energy savings, cost-effectiveness and usability
  • a review of the policy, regulatory or legislative experiences of heating controls in countries with a similar climate to the UK

Research and analysis: Heating controls: compensation and time proportional and integral (TPI) controls

This report outlines the mechanisms by which weather compensation, load compensation and TPI controls improve the energy efficiency of heating systems. It also considers the benefits and disadvantages associated with their use, alongside discussion of the current state-of-the-art for each technology, the availability of products and barriers to deployment.

Research and analysis: Assessment of costs to UK participants of compliance with Phase 2 of the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme

The overarching objectives of this study were to:

  • identify the types and amounts of administrative costs associated with participating in phase 2 of the CRC
  • quantify the administrative time and costs incurred as a result of being required to comply with the policy, providing transparent and robust cost estimates for the first year of phase 2 Introduction
  • to understand participants’ views about the scheme, and understand the value of mandatory energy and carbon reporting with board/senior management sign-off – to help inform policy development.

This study was concerned with administrative costs and did not attempt to identify or quantify costs such as CRC payments.

Research and analysis: Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS): evaluation of the scheme

This research presents results from the interim evaluation of the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS) conducted between 2015 and 2017. The main report presents findings from the process evaluation and a discussion of the early signals of impact.

This evaluation aimed to understand how the scheme was working, its implementation, costs to business and early impacts and response by business to the scheme. The research included:

  • a representative survey of 871 ESOS-obligated organisations
  • qualitative interviews with a further 40 ESOS organisations and 10 energy assessor market firms; and
  • in-depth case-studies with 10 ESOS participant organisations.

Further information on these activities is included in the technical annexes to this report.

This study comprises a main findings report, technical annexes and data tables showing results from the survey of ESOS-obligated organisations. There is also a report on a scoping study of ESOS, which sets out how BEIS might design, and collect baseline evidence for a future longer-term impact evaluation.

This report was commissioned under DECC, which merged with the Department for Business in July 2016 to form the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS).

Research and analysis: Business awareness and uptake of energy audits research

This research presents results from telephone surveys of small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs, those with fewer than 250 employees) and separate surveys of organisations meeting the size or turnover criteria for the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS), which are mainly non-SMEs.

The aim of the research was to:

  • understand awareness and attitudes towards ESOS, before and during the first compliance period (ending 5 December 2015)
  • monitor the uptake of energy audits for ESOS and more generally in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and larger organisations (non-SMEs)
  • understand the attitudes towards and experiences of energy efficiency in business, providing context for the uptake of audits.

Data was collected for this work via 2 strands – research among non-SMEs (601 interviews) and research among SMEs (1,346 interviews), with interviewing taking place between September 2014 and January 2016. Full details of the methodology are provided in the technical report.

This study comprises a main report, accompanied by an executive summary, technical report and data tables for results for SMEs and non-SMEs.

This report was commissioned under DECC, which merged with the Department for Business in July 2016 to form the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS).